Pai Sho

White Flowers

Jasmine-When added to the board, these always start at the Home Port. It must move 1 or 3 spaces at a time in a straight line. Harmony with Lily and Rhododendron. Disharmony with Rose.

Lily- When added to the board, these tiles start at the East or West Port. It must move 2 spaces in one direction, and 2 spaces in another direction, moving in the shape of an L. Harmony with Jasmine and White Jade. Disharmony with Chrysanthemum.

White Jade- When added to the board, this tile starts at the Mid Port. It can move up to 5 spaces in one direction, or 3 spaces in any combination. It cannot use the boat. Harmony with Lily and Rose. Disharmony with Rhododendron

Red Flowers

Rose- When added to the board, this tile starts at the Foreign Port. It can move 1 or 3 spaces at a time in a straight line. Harmony with White Jade and Chrysanthemum. Disharmony with Jasmine.

Chrysanthemum- When added to the board, this tile starts at the east or west tip. It moves 2 spaces in one direction, and 2 spaces in another direction, moving in the shape of an L. Harmony with Rose and Rhododendron. Disharmony with Lily.

Rhododendron- When added to the board, this tile starts at the Mid Port. It can move up to 5 spaces in one direction, or 3 spaces in any combination. It cannot use the boat.Harmony with Chrysanthemum and Jasmine. Disharmony with White Jade.

Non-Flowers

NOTE-These tiles may be removed by any piece, but that piece is also removed. They can be put on the board only after the first turn(s). They cannot form harmonies, except for the boat under certain conditions.

Knotweed (Fire)-Knotweed may be placed on any point not within one(1) space of any port. When you play knotweed, all pieces that are adjacent to knotweed are “drained” and may not be moved or form harmonies. Knotweed may not move by itself (may be moved by boat). Drained pieces may be captured by ANY piece. When the Knotweed is captured, surrounding pieces are no longer "drained" and return to their normal state. A Knotweed cannot be drained by another Knotweed.

Wheel (Wind)-Wheels can be placed on any yellow space. Wheels may move all pieces adjacent to them in a clockwise or counterclockwise rotation any amount. It can move any number of spaces in one direction.

Boat (Water)-Boat may be played only on spaces with both red and white color (not required to remain there). The Boat may travel over other pieces. It may move up to 5 spaces at a time in any combination of directions. Does not disrupt harmonies or disharmonies. It can push any piece (yours or your opponents) one intersection away as long as the destination intersection is empty and the boat is a single intersection of distance from it. The boat may also move up to three of your pieces five spaces in one direction. Your pieces need to be within one intersection of your boat (You may only use this ability if you havent moved the boat yet).

Rock (Earth)-May be placed on any space. May not be moved by any means. If a Flower (Not a Special Flower) tile is adjacent (next to) to a Rock, the Rock takes on all harmonious and disharmonious traits of that Flower (i.e. a Rock that is adjacent to a White Jade may form a harmony with a Lily).

Special Flowers

NOTE-These pieces may land anywhere on the board. They can be put on the board only after the first three turns of each player.

White Dragon (Yin) – Must be place on the opposing half of the board. Dragons can move up to 6 spaces each turn in a straight line. Dragons may capture enemy pieces. They may move over other pieces, but may be captured by any other piece. Cannot form harmonies or disharmonies.

White Lotus (Yang)- Lotus tiles may only move up to 2 spaces a turn. It must start on your side of the board. A Lotus may take any tile off the board, but it can also be removed by any other tile. Lotus’s belonging to the player that has contributed the fewest number of tiles to The Pot are considered “blooming” and may form a harmony with any other Flower (including those belonging to his or her opponent. Only the player owning the Lotus receives the point).